Photo of a syringe Volumetric equipment

The syringe


A laboratory syringe can be made of either glass equipped with a stainless steel needle (1 to 25 μL) or plastic with an adjustable stainless steel needle or all plastic (1 to 50 mL). Generally those with small volumes (micro-volumes) are made of glass and the stainless steel needle is either fixed or screwed in. They are very precise, unlike those made of plastic (larger volume, but approximate).


The use depends on the type of syringe.

Small glass syringes are used to deliver small volumes with very high precision, with applications such as the production of standard solutions of precise concentration or the injection of a sample in chromatography. They can also be used to collect a liquid from a crimped bottle.

Large plastic syringes are often used to prime liquid chromatography pumps when they are defused. They can also be used to filter a solution, by fitting an adapted (single-use) filter to the tip of the syringe.

Information pictogram
In the case of small glass syringes, there are two types of stainless steel needles: those with a straight edge, and those with a beveled tip. Their use in chromatography differs. A syringe equipped with a straight-edged needle is used to inject manually in liquid chromatography; a syringe equipped with a beveled needle is preferred for manual injection in gas chromatography because it ensures better piercing of the septum of the injector.
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